A GUIDE TO THE LAWS OF SUCCOS

COMPREHENSIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS

The questions in bold print can be viewed on the Neveh website

Chapter One - The obligation to live in the succah for seven days

  1. Source for the mitzvah of dwelling in the succah
  2. Thoughts a person should have while dwelling in the succah
  3. Proper time to start building succah
  4. Special customs for the eve of Yom Tov
Chapter Two - Making a succah under a tree or a roof
  1. Prohibition in making a succah under another succah or in the house
  2. When branches not directly overhead prevent the sun from entering the succah
  3. Succah located under a tree that prevents the majority of sunshine from entering
  4. Is there a possibility of using above succah
  5. Succah located under a tree that does not prevent the majority of sunshine from entering
  6. In above case if the s'chach does not prevent the majority of sunshine from entering the succah however in conjunction with the tree the majority of sunshine is now being prevented from entering the succah
  7. Placing the kosher s'chach on top of the tree branches in a succah
  8. If the s'chach of the succah cause the succah to have more shade than sun. However being under the tree causes in fact that the s'chach is not causing the majority of the sunshine
  9. In above case if succah has more sunshine than shade
  10. Non-kosher s'chach being placed upon kosher s'chach where the kosher s'chach alone could provide the succah with more shade than sun
  11. When only part of the succah is under the non-kosher s'chach
  12. Lowering of overhead tree branches to be used as s'chach
  13. Possibility of using above mentioned succah
  14. Succah that was made under tree or in house
  15. Making succah under a roof that was removed leaving only the rafters
  16. In above case if there were only rafters without a roof covering to begin with
  17. If the s'chach was placed between the rafters
  18. Making a succah under a removable roof
  19. Making succah under a Removable roof while it is closed
  20. Using succah while roof is closed
  21. Telling a non-jew to remove roofing nails (for succah underneath) or put s'chach upon succah on Yom Tov
Chapter Three - Sleeping in the succah
  1. Sleeping under a bed in the succah
  2. Sleeping under a pitched canopy in the succah
  3. Width of canopy top
  4. If sides of canopy do not reach the ground
  5. Sleeping in succah upon a four posted bed with covering
  6. Sleeping in a succah upon two posted bed with covering
  7. Sitting in succah under decorative sheet spread under the s'chach
  8. If sheet was spread out more than three tefachim from the s'chach
  9. Halachic implications of hanging decorations in the succah
  10. If decorations do not give off more shade than sunshine
  11. Large decorative items within four tefachim of the s'chach
  12. Non-decorative items hung within four tefachim of the s'chach
Chapter Four - Halachos of one succah built under another
  1. Building one succah under another
  2. Kashrus of one succah built under another
  3. If s'chach of upper succah is able to let in more sunshine than shade
  4. If upper succah is above twenty amos
  5. If upper succah being above twenty amos has other disqualifications
  6. Status of the s'chach of the lower succah I> Status of the s'chach of the lower succah
  7. If s'chach of upper succah was not put on for shade
  8. How to determine if upper succah is above twenty amos
  9. If bottom succah has more shade than sunshine only as a result of the additional shade coming from the upper succah
  10. In previous case if upper succah lets in more shade than sunshine, whereas the s'chach of bottom succah is able to let in more sunshine than shade
  11. When upper succah is above twenty amos from bottom one and both of them have s'chach that lets in more shade than sunshine
  12. If upper succah lets more sunshine in then shade and bottom one is able to let in more shade then sunshine, when bottom succah is within twenty amos of ground
  13. When both succahs are able to let in more shade than sunshine and the upper one is within twenty amos of the s'chach of the bottom succah
  14. Making a succah upon a wagon, truck, or boat
  15. Using a succah upon the above when in movement
  16. Making a succah upon a camel
  17. Making a succah upon a tree
  18. When the succah is upon the ground and its s'chach is resting upon the tree
  19. If on Yom Tov only succah he has is resting upon a tree or camel
  20. When part of the succah is upon the tree and the rest is resting upon something else
  21. When succah is upon the ground and a tree acts as a wall
Chapter Five - From what materials can the s'chach be made from
  1. Requirements for kosher s'chach
  2. If the materials can only receive Rabbinical defilement
  3. Prohibition of using materials which can become defiled
  4. Using broken articles
  5. Using wooden sticks
  6. Using arrows as s'chach
  7. Using wooden spits with metal tips
  8. Using wooden spits
  9. Using utensils that are not receptacles
  10. Using paper as s'chach
  11. If snow falls upon the s'chach
  12. Using flax as s'chach
  13. If flax were crushed but not combed
  14. Using flax that were soaked but not crushed or combed.
  15. Using strands of flax
  16. Using cotton and cannabis plant
  17. Using hollow reeds as s'chach
  18. Using ropes of flax
  19. Using ropes made from reeds and palm tree
  20. Using mats as s'chach
  21. Using mats when most people use them as mattresses
  22. Using mats when custom is not know
  23. Using used mats when custom is not known
  24. Using new mats when custom is to use them as s'chach
  25. Using mats that were not ordered as s'chach when custom is to use mats as s'chach
  26. If mat is surrounded by rim
  27. If rim was removed
  28. Using mats where custom is to use them as roofing
  29. Using Wooden venetian blinds as s'chach
  30. Using ladder as base for s'chach
  31. Constructing succah from liftwood
  32. Using stone wall to support s'chach
  33. Using concrete wall containing metal rods to support s'chach
  34. Supporting s'chach after the fact with material that can become tomah
  35. Attaching succah frame with iron nails
  36. Opinion of Chazon Ish in reference to previous question
  37. Using branches of figs or grapes
  38. Determination of what is considered food and what is non-food
  39. Precautions in using straw as s'chach
  40. Using plants that will dry out and fall during Succos
  41. If above plants will dry out but not fall
  42. Using something attached to ground as s'chach
  43. Using materials that have bad odor
  44. If odor is repugnant to most people
  45. Using plants whose leaves fall off
  46. Using bundles of wood tied together
  47. Defining which bundles are prohibited
  48. Additional example of bundles of wood
  49. Bundles that are connected with one tie
  50. If purpose of tying is to sell them in quantity
  51. After the fact if a bundle was already used
  52. Bundle first placed on succah to dry and then decided to use as s'chach
  53. Using boards as s'chach
  54. Boards that are narrower than four tefachim
  55. If only s'chach available is boards
  56. Spreading sheet above or below s'chach to prevent sun and falling leaves
  57. Spreading sheet under s'chach in emergency situation
  58. Spreading sheet under s'chach in order to dry out
Chapter Six - Halachos related to the walls of the succah
  1. Materials that are kosher for the walls of the succah
  2. When the walls cause more sunshine than shade to enter the succah
  3. Making succah walls of foul smelling materials
  4. Making succah walls of materials that will dry out within seven days
  5. Minimum number of walls for kosher succah
  6. Minimum requirements for third wall
  7. How far should the door frame extend
  8. Particulars in construction of door frame
  9. If the tefach wide third wall reaches the s'chach
  10. A succah built entirely of door frames
  11. Succah comprised of two opposite and parallel unattached walls
  12. In previous question, if length of the two side walls were different from each other
  13. In question #11, if third wall is seven tefachim long adjourned to side wall
  14. Succah comprising two parallel wall in a courtyard with middle wall of courtyard opposite the succah
  15. In previous case if the two side walls of the courtyard serve as the succah walls
  16. In succah of two walls plus tefach if there are many openings so as to have more openings than closed space
  17. In previous case how to calculate the amount of open space
  18. Calculating amount of open space with regard to the law of Lavud
  19. According to Chazon Ish how to build succah comprised of boards less than four tefachim in width
  20. How to consider the section of succah wall which has entrance frame
  21. Additional conditions to permit succah having more open space than walled in space
  22. When there are openings more than ten amos wide
  23. Status of succah containing openings wider than ten amos. Also summery of halachos pertaining to succah consisting of two walls and a tefach
  24. Combining horizontal and vertical walls for succah wall
  25. Placing window like openings in succah
  26. Permissibility of using metal porch walls for succah
  27. Permissibility of making succah with only two complete walls in first instance
  28. Placing four poles along edge of roof to use as succah
  29. Succah build in alleyway in which it is permitted to carry on Shabbos
  30. Status of succah build by placing s'chach upon pasim surrounding well
  31. Using partially roofed porch consisting of two walls, as succah
  32. Using partially roofed porch consisting of two attached walls as succah
  33. Building succah in courtyard surrounded by houses and porches .
  34. How to construct succah in room of house
  35. Minimum height of succah walls
  36. Status of succah whose roof is over three tefachim higher than walls
  37. Status of succah whose walls are three tefachim above ground
  38. Succah walls that sway in wind
  39. Precautions for swaying walls
  40. Trees serving as walls for succah
  41. Using trees as walls in conjunction with requirement to have walls that consist of horizontal and vertical components
  42. Succah higher than ten tefachim with horizontal partition
  43. Permissibility of making succah wall from curtains or sheets
  44. Proper way of making succah walls from curtains or sheets
  45. Succah walls made from animals
  46. A person serving as succah wall
  47. Using an animal for succah wall on Yom Tov
  48. Using an animal as fourth succah wall on Yom Tov
  49. Placing s'chach upon side boards of bed
  50. Placing s'chach upon poles that surround bed
  51. Opinion of Chazon Ish in reference to previous question
Chapter 7 - Succah having more sunshine than shade and other laws relating to s'chach
  1. If s'chach gives off equal amounts of sun and shade
  2. Equal amounts of sun and shade are in lower part of succah
  3. When minority of succah has more sunshine than shade
  4. Difference between large and small succah
  5. When smaller section of succah has large amount of shade but larger section has more sunshine than shade
  6. Proper way to cover succah with s'chach
  7. If s'chach covering is very thin
  8. If s'chach is alternately raised and lowered
  9. In above question if width of upper s'chach is more than tefach
  10. If above succah has more sunshine than shade
  11. If s'chach extends and overlaps back of succah
  12. If s'chach extends and overlaps the open side of succah with one wall extending along with it
  13. In previous case if extended s'chach is not seven tefachim wide
  14. If s'chach extending from open side is more than three tefachim from succah wall
  15. If wall was subsequently extended alongside extended s'chach
  16. succah having two walls plus tefach, required length of its entrance frame
  17. Succah having metal rods as s'chach
  18. How to permit succah having metal rods as s'chach
  19. Differences between large and small succah in reference to prohibited s'chach
  20. How to use house having boards as roofing for succah
  21. Proper way to use succah having boards four tefachim wide as s'chach
  22. If roof of house is covered with plaster
  23. Succah shaped like slanted shed
  24. Permissibility of using succah shaped like slanted shed
  25. Measuring minimum requirements of succah if shaped like slanted shed
  26. Which part of above succah to cover with s'chach
  27. Permissibility in above succah to sleep under sections of wall which are below ten tefachim
Chapter 8 - Prohibitions pertaining to the s'chach
  1. If prohibited s'chach is resting on the roof of the succah in the middle.
  2. Differences between prohibited s'chach measuring more than four tefachim or less .
  3. Prohibited s'chach being less than four tefachim but more than three.
  4. Prohibited s'chach in reference to a small succah
  5. In a small succah what if the prohibited s'chach is scattered
  6. Explanation of prohibited s'chach
  7. Prohibited s'chach found only on side of succah
  8. Why Prohibited s'chach over four tefachim but less than four amos does not prohibit succah
  9. Sitting under the prohibited s'chach when we apply the law of dofen akumah
  10. Applying dofen akumah when the walls do not reach s'chach
  11. Applying dofen akumah when the walls are within three tefachim of s'chach
  12. If the prohibited s'chach is placed at a slant
  13. If lower than three tefachim from the prohibited s'chach is placed a beam near by
  14. Prohibited s'chach of four tefachim a tefach of which is located outside the succah
  15. Empty spaces located within the s'chach
  16. Sleeping under the empty spaces in the s'chach
  17. If the prohibited s'chach or empty space goes along the width of the succah leaving part of succah with kosher s'chach
  18. In previous question if the inner and outer sections of succah are connected with kosher s'chach along the sides
  19. In question #17 status of outer part of succah
  20. In previous question if side wall is only seven tefachim long
  21. Difference between empty spaces and invalid s'chach
  22. succah made under a roof protruding four tefachim from the wall
  23. If the roof protruded less than four tefachim till three
  24. If the roof protruded less than three tefachim
  25. In question 22 if additional wall was added next to house wall
  26. Combining prohibited s'chach with empty space
  27. Applying Lavud in order to combine sections of invalid s'chach
  28. Applying Lavud in order to create an area of four tefachim of invalid s'chach
Chapter 9 - Halachos pertaining to the height of the succah
  1. Contemporary measurements for these halochos
  2. Maximum height for succah
  3. Making succah walls of non-permanent materials
  4. Succah exactly twenty amos high
  5. Small branches detract from twenty amos height of succah
  6. Contradiction between questions 4 and 5
  7. Decorations detracting from twenty amos height of succah
  8. Diminishing height of succah through putting pillows and blankets on ground
  9. Diminishing height through placing mats on ground
  10. Diminishing height with straw
  11. Nullifying the material to the ground
  12. Expressing verbally the nullification
  13. Building platform in order to diminish height
  14. If platform lacked 7 by 7 Tefachim
  15. Platform constructed along side of succah
  16. Area in front of platform near entrance
  17. Sitting beyond platform and most of body is on a lower level than platform
  18. Constructing platform in middle of succah
  19. Platform built in center of four sided succah
  20. Succah being lower than ten Tefachim
  21. Small branches diminishing from the ten Tefachim
  22. Decorations diminishing from height of ten Tefachim
  23. Plants and flowers diminishing from height of ten Tefachim
  24. Remove s'chach, or digging up floor to increase height to ten Tefachim
  25. Using the space beyond the dug out area
Chapter 10 - Succah should not be less than seven by seven tefachim
  1. Minimum length and width of succah
  2. How do we derive this measurement
  3. A succah whose width is less than seven tefachim but length is much longer
  4. Large succah having corner less than seven by seven tefachim
  5. Minimum size of rounded succah
  6. Using entire area of rounded succah
  7. Large succah whose corner is seven tefachim wide but less than seven tefachim in length
  8. Maximum required height of seven by seven tefachim in rounded succah
  9. If decorative items diminish area of seven by seven tefachim
  10. If table was outside of succah
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